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To The Pole: The Diary And Notebook Of Richard ...



The same day that Peary arrived in Nova Scotia, September 21, Cook arrived in New York to the cheers of hundreds of thousands of people lining the streets. He issued a statement that began, "I have come from the Pole." The next day he met with some 40 reporters for two hours at the Waldorf-Astoria hotel. Asked if he objected to showing his polar diary, Cook "showed freely" a notebook of 176 pages, each filled with "fifty or sixty lines of penciled writing in the most minute characters," according to accounts in two Philadelphia papers, the Evening Bulletin and the Public Ledger. Asked how he fixed his position at the pole, Cook said by measuring the sun's altitude in the sky. Would he produce his sextant? Cook said his instruments and records were en route to New York and that arrangements had been made for experts to verify their accuracy.




To the Pole: The Diary and Notebook of Richard ...



I. Description "Oh May I improve" begins the Constant Somers May 16, 1811 American manuscript notebook of navigation rules, with examples for calculating time and position at sea aboard the Ship Dorothea "at Sea June 15, 1811" bound for the Baltic Sea under the command of M.D. Dougherty. The inside from cover of this book is identified in large cursive script "Constant Somers May 16, 1811 Ship Dorothea; M.D. Dougherty commanding" the writing so large it is easy to miss the very small inscription in the inside top left corner with h with his inner aspirations. The log book contains formulas for calculating a ship's position at sea, regulating a watch et al. with examples and navigation problems for the student of navigation to answer. Constant Somers most likely copied these from a contemporary printed text. Some of the problem sets refer to Boston, 1808. The notebook is remarkable because it also contains five pages of Constant Somers' diary when he goes ashore once the ship reaches Denmark, Sweden and enters Cronstadt, Russia. Constant Somers was b. Jan. 3, 1794 in Great Egg Harbor, New Jersey. He died Aug. 29, 1811 at age 17 on board ship at Cronstadt, Russia. His diary ends c. July 6, 1811, six weeks prior to his death. He is buried in the Col. Richard Somers family cemetery at Somers Point, Atlantic County, New Jersey. His parents are Constant and Sarah Hand Somers of Great Egg Harbor, New Jersey. Siblings are Edward Somers and Sarah Sophia Somers Learning. 1/Constant went to sea in the tradition of his father Constant Somers (1763-1799) and grandfather Richard Somers (1737-1794). 2/ The historical context of the diary is defined also by the United States declaration of war on Great Britain, June 12, 1812, one year following Somers' death. On June 12, 1812 the Baltic trade for American merchant ships was halted. 3/


The personal diary continues in narrative format and may be read by turning the notebook upside down. If these narrative entries are a chronological continuation of the June 22, 1811 entry, the next entry, while undated is June 25, 1811.


Contains translations of hundreds of diary entries, poems, notebooks, and ghetto announcements that document the history of the Łódź ghetto. Includes illustrations, a glossary, maps, endnotes, and an index. 041b061a72


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